BUSINESS  STUDIES  Syllabus Classes XI-XII


Rationale

The courses in Business Studies and Accountancy are introduced at +2 stage of Higher Secondary Education as formal commerce education is provided after first ten years of schooling. Therefore, it becomes necessary that instructions in these subjects are given in such a manner that students have a good understanding of the principles and practices bearing in business (trade and industry) as well as their relationship with the society. Business is a dynamic process that brings together technology, natural resources and human initiative in a constantly changing global environment. To understand the framework in which a business operates, a detailed study of the organisation and management of business processes and its interaction with the environment is required. Globalisation has changed the way firms
transact their business. Information Technology is becoming a part of business operations in more and more organisations. Computerised systems are fast replacing other systems. E-business and other related concepts are picking up fast which need to be emphasized in the curriculum. The course in Business Studies will prepare students to analyse, manage, evaluate and respond to changes which affect business. It provides a way of looking at and interacting with the business environment. It recognizes the fact that business influences and is influenced by social, political,
legal and economic forces. It allows students to appreciate that business is an integral component of society and develops an understanding of many social and ethical issues. Therefore, to acquire basic knowledge of the business world, a course in Business Studies would be useful. It also informs students of a range of study and work options and bridges the gap between school and work.

Objectives

• To develop in students an understanding of the processes of business and its environment;
• To acquaint students with the dynamic nature and inter-dependent aspects of business;

• To develop an interest in the theory and practice of business trade and industry;
• To familiarise candidates with theoretical foundations of organising managing and handling operations of a business firm;
• To help students appreciate the economic and social significance of business activity and the
social costs and benefits arising therefrom;
• To acquaint students with the practice of managing the operations and resources of business;
• To prepare students to function more effectively and responsibly as consumers, employers, employees and citizens;
• To help students in making the transition from school to the world of work including self- employment;
• To develop in students a business attitude and skills to be precise and articulate. Course Structure
The Business Studies syllabus has been divided into 4 semester courses at the higher secondary
stage. Each semester would be for about six months duration.

CLASS XI
Semester I
Foundations of Business
Semester II
Corporate Organisation, Finance and Trade

CLASS XII
Semester III
Principles and
Functions of Management
Semester IV
Business Finance
and Marketing

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