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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Main Course Book (MCB) Chapter 21



Unit-5 : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 181


Q1 : Articles are often divided into parts to help the reader. Given below are the subheadings of the eight paragraphs given in a jumbled order. Match the paragraphs with the subheadings.
1. Southern paradise.
2. Life of harmony.
3. Showcasing the culture and spirit of A&N
4. Links with freedom struggle.
5. Sea sports, farms and temples.
6. Indigenous population and settlers.
7. Flora and fauna.
8. Get to know the Emerald Islands.
Answer :

Paragraph number

Subheadings

1

Showcasing the culture and spirit of A&N

2

Links with freedom struggle

3

Indigenous population and settlers

4

Life of harmony

5

Sea sports, farms and temples

6

Southern paradise

7

Flora and fauna

8

Get to know the Emerald Islands

Q2 : When people are not very familiar with a language, they sometimes explain words by paraphrasing them. Match the words in the box to the paraphrases below. Check in the dictionary if you are not sure.

cluster, fauna, penal settlement, languish, mangrove,
aboriginal, archipelago, topography, meandering,
snorkeling
  • It’s a tropical tree, found near water, whose twisted roots grow partly above ground
  • It refers to the shape of an area of land, including its hills, valleys etc.
  • It is an area of sea in which there are many small islands
  • It is a group of similar things that are close together
  • It is to describe the course of a river, coast line or path that turns a lot.
  • This is to exist in an unpleasant or unwanted situation
  • They are all the wild animals that live in a particular area
  • It is an activity that involves swimming underwater using a breathing device
  • A type of prison, which is often in a place far away from other people
  • This is a person or living thing that has existed in a country or continent since the earliest time known to people

Answer :
Cluster: It is a group of similar things that are close together
Fauna: They are all the wild animals that live in a particular area
Penal settlement: A type of prison, which is often in a place far away from other people
Languish: This is to exist in an unpleasant or unwanted situation
Mangrove: It’s a tropical tree, found near water, whose twisted roots grow partly above ground
Aboriginal: This is a person or living thing that has existed in a country or continent since the earliest time known to people
Archipelago: It is an area of sea in which there are many small islands
Topography: It refers to the shape of an area of land, including its hills, valleys etc
Meandering: It is to describe the course of a river, coast line or path that turns a lot
Snorkeling: It is an activity that involves swimming underwater using a breathing device


Q3 : On the basis of your reading of the passage complete the “Mindmap” given below:
Floating Splendour

Andaman & Nicobar Islands-Introduction

  • Origin of Name: ________________
  • Location: ________________
  • Length: ________________
  • Topography: ________________
  • Tourist Attractions: ________________
Link with the Freedom Movement

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
People

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
Harmonious Life

  • Faiths________________
  • Languages________________
MGM National Park

  • ________________
  • ________________

Answer :

Andaman & Nicobar Islands-Introduction

  • Origin of Name: Hanuman/Handuman
  • Location: East of the Indian mainland
  • Length: 700 Kms.
  • Topography: Hilly and abounds in evergreen
    forests
  • Tourist Attractions: Beaches, Water-sports, Flora
    & Fauna, Natural Beauty
  • Tranquility, Adventure Tourism
Link with the Freedom Movement

  • The revolutionaries of the First War of
    Independence in 1857 were exiled for life to the
    Andamans.
  • The Cellular Jail was an important like to the
    Freedom struggle
  • Now in the evening an enthralling Sound and Light
    Show at Cellular Jail brings alive the struggle of
    the young prisoners.
Link with the Freedom Movement

  • The revolutionaries of the First War of
    Independence in 1857 were exiled for life to the
    Andamans.
  • The Cellular Jail was an important like to the
    Freedom struggle
  • Now in the evening an enthralling Sound and Light
    Show at Cellular Jail brings alive the struggle of
    the young prisoners.
People

  • Great Andamanese
  • Onges
  • Jarawas
  • Sentinatese
  • Nicobarese
  • Shompens
  • Moplas
  • Some criminal tribes from Central and United
    Provinces,
  • Refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and
    Ceylon
  • Ex-servicemen
Harmonious Life

  • Faiths: Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs etc
  • Languages: Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, Tamil,
    Telugu, Punjabi, Nicobari etc
MGM National Park

  • Covers an area of 281.5 sq km
  • It is made-up of open sea, creeks and 15 small and
    large islands
  • It offers views of rare corals and underwater
    marine life through glass bottom boats, scuba diving
    and snorkeling
South Andaman

  • Chidiya Tapu :

25 km from Port Blair, it is the southern most tip of
South Andaman with lush green mangroves, multitude of
birds, sylvan sands and Munda pahar beaches. One can get
excellent views of isolated islands, submerged corals and
enchanting sunset from the forest guesthouse situated on
top of a hillock.

  • Collinpur:

36 km from Port Blair, it has a beautiful sandy beach
with shallow waters suitable for swimming, sunbathing and
watching the sunset.

  • Madhuban:

A 20 km ferry ride away from Port Blair, it is a
superb trekking area, north-east of South Andaman, with
outlandish endemic birds, animals, butterflies and
elephants engaged in lumbering.

  • Mt. Harriet:

55 km from Port Blair, it is an ideal place for a
bird’s eye view of the outer islands and the sea. It was
the summer headquarters of the Chief Commissioner during
British Raj. 365m high, it is the highest peak in the
South Andamans.

Flora & Fauna

  • Fauna: Giant Robber Crab, long-tailed
  • Monkeys, Nicobarese Pigeons and Megapode, a rare
    bird found in Great Nicobar
  • Flora: Coconut palm, Casuarina and Pandanus
    trees

Q4 : Dr Varun is a tourist on a visit to the awesome Andaman and Nicobar Islands
and Maiguru is his tour guide. Dr Varun wishes to know about the history and
social life of the Islands and the best places to visit during his trip. Based on
the “Mindmap” you have prepared, write and act out a short dialogue between
them. You can choose a partner for this activity.
Answer :
This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own.


Q5 : Overawed by the beauty of the Islands, Dr. Varun writes an e- mail to his sister Ishita who promptly responds. Draft this exchange of e- mails between them.
Answer :
This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own.


Q6 : Imagine that Class X of your school is planning a trip to Andaman and Nicobar Islands from 25th Dec to 01st Jan. Based on your reading of the text and your imagination complete the following itinerary:
25th Dec: fly from the nearest airport to Port Blair
26th Dec: (morning) …….
(afternoon) …….
(evening) Sound and Light Show at Cellular Jail
27th Dec: (morning): take bus to National Park at Wandoor
(afternoon): …….
(evening) :enjoy local cuisine at hotel
28th Dec: (morning): visit the Chidiya Tapu to observe the magnificient birds
(afternoon) : ………………………………….
(evening) : ……………………………………..
29th Dec: (morning): ………………………………………..
(afternoon) : free to explore local market
(evening) : …………………………………..
30th Dec: (morning): …………………………………………
(afternoon) : Island Tourism Festival
(evening) :………………………………………….
31st Dec: (morning): relaxed Breakfast at hotel
(afternoon) : …………………………………………
(evening) : cultural evening at hotel to celebrate New Year Eve
1st Jan: (morning): by bus to Katchal for………………………………………
(afternoon) : transfer to Airport to reach home destin
Answer :
This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a model answer has been provided for your convenience.
25th Dec: Fly from the nearest airport to Port Blair
26th Dec: (morning) Study the topography and view the flora and fauna.
(afternoon) Reach the Cellular Jail.
(evening) Sound and Light Show at Cellular Jail
27th Dec: (morning): Take bus to National Park at Wandoor
(afternoon): View rare corals, underwater marine life through glass bottom boats, scuba diving and snorkeling.
(evening) :enjoy local cuisine at hotel
28th Dec: (morning): visit the Chidiya Tapu to observe the magnificient birds
(afternoon) : View lush green mangroves and visit Munda pahar beaches.
(evening) : View the isolated island and enchanting sunset from the forest guesthouse.
29th Dec: (morning): Visit Collinpur and view its beaches with shallow waters.
(afternoon) : Free to explore local market
(evening) : View the sunset at Collinpur beach.
30th Dec: (morning): Visit Nicobar Island
(afternoon) : Island Tourism Festival
(evening) : View the fauna and Great and Little Nicobar Islands.
31st Dec: (morning): Relaxed Breakfast at hotel
(afternoon) : Watch the water sports
(evening) : Cultural evening at hotel to celebrate New Year Eve
1st Jan: (morning): By bus to Katchal for the beach at East Bay, Jhula and West Bay
(afternoon) : Transfer to Airport to reach home destination


Q7 : Prepare a similar brochure for the Andaman and Nicobar islands. Besides
using the information from the passage given in this section (C. 1), you will
have to gather more information about the history, mode of travel,
accommodation etc. Work in groups of 4-5 to prepare the brochure. Please
keep in mind the following attributes of a brochure:

  • Introduction
  • General Information
  • How to Reach
  • Accommodation
  • Intercity Travel
  • Local Attractions
  • Sightseeing
  • Cuisine
  • Shopping
  • Appropriate closing sentence

Answer :
This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own.


Q8 : Punctuate the passage given below using capital letters wherever necessary.
on a spring evening some years ago while living in mumbai i decided to take in a musical where i heard lakshya kumar sing for the first time i was enthralled i believed i had discovered the next kishore kumar yet disappointed by the sparse audience i decided to write an article to help promote him struggling to contain my excitement the next day i phoned the theatre where he was performing and unabashedly acted like a professional writer may I speak with lakshya kumar please just one moment replied the person at the other end hello this is lakshya kumar answered a deep voice at the other end who is speaking my trembling hands dropped the receiver and I seemed to have lost my voice I heard the phone being disconnected at the other end what an end to my grand plans
Answer :
On a spring evening, some years ago, while living in Mumbai, I decided to take in a Musical, where I heard Lakshya Kumar sing for the first time. I was enthralled. I believed I had discovered the next Kishore Kumar. Yet, disappointed by the sparse audience, I decided to write an article to help promote him. Struggling to contain my excitement the next day, I phoned the theatre where he was performing and unabashedly acted like a professional writer: “May I speak with Lakshya Kumar please?” “Just one moment.” replied the person at the other end. “Hello, this is Lakshya Kumar.” answered a deep voice at the other end, “Who is speaking?” My trembling hands dropped the receiver and I seemed to have lost my voice. I heard the phone being disconnected at the other end. What an end to my grand plans!


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